Cuban Archaeology in the Caribbean

Cuban Archaeology in the Caribbean

Editado por: Ivan Roksandic

As the largest--and most centrally located--island of the Caribbean, Cuba has seen successive waves of migration to its shores. Its early colonization, and that of the Greater Antilles, is complicated by population movements within the Circum-Caribbean. In this volume, Ivan Roksandic and an international team of researchers present a new theory of mainland migration into the Caribbean.

Through analysis of early agriculture, burial customs, dental modification, pottery production, and dietary patterns, the contributors enable a very close look at the lifeways and challenges of the native populations. They decipher patterns of movement between the islands and present-day Mexico and Central America and explore the interactions between the islands’ inhabitants, including the fate of indigenous groups after European contact. Together the essays produce a view of the early Caribbean that is rich with dynamic networks of exchange and matrixes of cultural influences, more intricate and multilinear than previously believed.

With contributions from archaeology, physical anthropology, environmental archaeology, paleobotany, linguistics, and ethnohistory, this volume adds to ongoing debates concerning migration and colonization. It examines the importance of landscape and seascape in shaping human experience; the role that contact and interaction between different groups play in building identity; and the contribution of native groups to the biological and cultural identity of postcontact and modern societies.


Introduction: Cuba and the Greater Antilles
Ivan Roksandic

1. The Role of the Nicaraguan Rise in the Early Peopling of the Greater Antilles
Ivan Roksandic

2. An Archaeological Overview of the Caribbean Coast of Nicaragua
Sagrario Balladares Navarro and Leonardo Lechado Ríos

3. People and Plants in the Precontact Caribbean: The View from Canímar Abajo, Cuba
David G. Smith

4. Diagnosis of the Processing Methods of Starch-Rich Foods in Archaeological Artifacts: An Experimental Model
Roberto Rodríguez Suárez, Jorge Ezra Cruz Palma, and Guillermo Acosta Ochoa

5. Sedentism and Mobility Patterns at Canímar Abajo Cemetery, Matanzas, Cuba: Paleodemographic Evidence
Mirjana Roksandic

6. Communities in Contact: Health and Paleodemography at El Chorro de Maíta, Cuba
Darlene A. Weston and Roberto Valcárcel Rojas

7. A Pre-Columbian Dental Modification Complex at the Site of Canímar Abajo, Matanzas, Cuba
Kaitlynn Alarie and Mirjana Roksandic

8. Isotopic Evidence of Variations in Subsistence Strategies and Food Consumption Patterns among “Fisher-Gatherer” Populations of Western Cuba
Yadira Chinique de Armas, Mirjana Roksandic, Roberto Rodríguez Suárez, David G. Smith, and William M. Buhay

9. Human Mobility and Dietary Patterns in Precolonial Puerto Rico: Integrating Multiple Isotope Data
Jason E. Laffoon

10. Food Preparation and Dietary Preferences among the Arawak Aboriginal Communities of Cuba
Ulises M. González Herrera

11. Indians in Cuba: From Pre-Columbian Villages to the Colonial World
Roberto Valcárcel Rojas

12. Los Indios de Campeche: The Maya Diaspora and the Mesoamerican Presence in Colonial Cuba
Jason M. Yaremko

13. Recent Advances in the Archaeology of the Greater Antilles: Some Final Remarks
Reniel Rodríguez Ramos

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